The research was coordinated and the report written by Professor Christiana E.E. Patterson, as she has come to be known, was for many years the country’s representative with the International Red Cross, a position that took her to many parts of Europe and Africa and which involved considerable political activity, even though she never held a post directly in the state administration. For almost a decade, the country has been experiencing a particularly dire and delicate crisis situation. But politics is not her only crusade. This pressure resulted in the undersigning of 22 commitments on 14 April 2004 by the Togolese Government following consultation with the European Union, with the aim of consolidating democracy, national reconciliation and social peace [3]. Francisca Patterson) - c. 1920, Terms of Use Soc. Peace and transparent elections? It began on 21 August 2009, with the set-up of the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante (CENI, National Independent Electoral Commission). Museums für Naturkunde in Berlin Novit. Togo will hold its Presidential elections on 4 March 2010. The mere fact that a photograph was taken in nineteenth century Africa of a woman seated on a chair with her child on her lap is already indicative of a high standard of living and an absolutely European conception of social life and its portrayal. Mme. They carry out several activities on the field to raise the population’s awareness of issues related to women’s rights, reproductive health, access of girls to education and political participation, to cite a few. cit. In the reception area, the entrance to which is on the right, with the windows to the left, both outside the frame, there is a rug covering the floor where the seating is arranged around a coffee table. Agossou J, Adedemy JD, D'almeida-Hounnou M. Evaluation de la prise en charge des urgences néonatales dans le service de Pédiatrie du Centre Hospitalier Départemental et Universitaire de Parakou (Bénin). Even so, they still retained some social standing. His popularity inspired him to run for president in 1965, but he won only a small percentage of the votes. This time, again, there is a large mobilization to this end, although not as strong as it was in 2007. However, why such indifference and such little mobilization to participate in the process and support the only women candidate who dares to run for the Highest Office in the country? Il y an un an , le 12 décembre 2013, Danialou Sagbohan fêtait son 61ème anniversaire en famille. This paper explores the concept of homeland among Afro-Brazilians families like De Souza, Aguda, D’Almeida, Antonio, Olympio, and Baéta in Togo and South-Eastern Ghana. Victor then married Francisca, heir of the De Medeiros estate and traditions, and the couple had three children: Clotilde Chantal Béatrice and Estelle Carmen Candida, who live in Paris, and Achille, who lives in Porto-Novo with his mother, who has been widowed for many years. Patterson is rightly regarded one of the bastions of Aguda culture, and it is as such that she appears in photograph where she is depicted in the reception room of her house in Porto-Novo in February 1996. We hope that the candidate elected will back up his or her words in actions and create the necessary conditions for women’s access to a better life. Seven candidates are running, including one woman, Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson, the first in the history of the country. They are completely consistent with the way the cultivated bourgeoisie portrayed themselves at the time. L’équipe que dirigeait le sous-officier d’Almeida Emmanuel devait, elle, ... Nangbéto au Togo, Akossombo au Ghana, Taabo et Kossou en Côte d ... Pour la bonne cause : famille, relations, amis, parenté dont chacun peut, à loisir, avoir sa part de la jouissance de ce lieu commun. France travel guide. Francisca Patterson) - s/d, Conselho paroquial da Catedral de Porto Novo constituído exclusivamente de “brasileiros". La famille de Souza du Bénin-Togo. Join the conversation and stay connected with the community: Receive a regular selection of feminist analysis, resources and ways to get involved with the movements. Rite D'almeida is on Facebook. (2005), Histoire des Togolais de 1884 à 1960, Tome II, Lomé, Presses de l’UL, Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante (CENI) (2009), Cândida – the daughter of Francisco José and Francisca de Souza – married a mestiço from Porto-Novo called Achile Beraud, the son of a Frenchman. Chief Coordinator of both. As a result of several negotiations under the aegis of the facilitator of the Inter-Togolese Dialogue, Blaise Campaoré, President of the Republic of Burkina Faso, the Presidential elections will be held on 4 March 2010, and under the one-round, single member constituency system. In Africa since 2000. Trouver ma généalogie. cit. General Manager of ActAfr Togo Sarl and Director of Mission ActAfr Togo. Behind Mme. Antonio de Almeida (20 Januarie 1928 Neuilly-sur-Seine - 18 Februarie 1997 Pittsburgh) was 'n Franse dirigent en musikoloog van Portugees-Amerikaanse afkoms.. Hy is gebore as Antonio Jacques de Almeida Santos in Neuilly-sur-Seine naby Parys. Notable alumni. In 1875, the year when the photo seems to have been taken, when Cesário was around five years of age, the Aguda community was prosperous enough to cover the travel costs of a photographer. During the six years the British were in Togo they instituted welcomed economic measures such as the suspension of the collection of all direct taxes and trading license fees. Mme. Parce qu’on vit à des milliers de kilomètres de la famille, on développe des facultés à se prendre en charge. However, one must await the results of the Presidential elections to know the real weight of each of them, and of the parties of the other candidates in these elections, and to know how many Togolese are truly represented by each party beyond what they are actually stating, which cannot be known from the results of the legislative election due to the kind of voting system adopted — proportional representation from a list in accordance with the rule of the highest average. It was in 1989 that she entered politics and became a founding member of CDPA. Togo. Chief coordinator of a 60 person camp for the creation of 20 radio programs, diffused in the Francophone world. She is wearing a dress, not a pagne, albeit made of African cloth, and she is wearing her hair in European style, without the typical braids or head-wrap. Okojie, of Economics and Statistics, University of Benin, Benin City Le Phénomène de Trafic: Modèles, Tendances, Expériences et Réponses au Togo. The entire Togolese population hopes for a better future following the elections, even if the specter of violence continues to loom and there are rumours of violence, and also in spite of preparations to challenge whatever the results, by the losing candidates. Agé de 67 ans, Valère Somé nous a quitté alors qu’il était hospitalisé en France pour des soins. Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé, 2005–2010; who is running for re-election. The table is covered with an embroidered cloth and decorated with a vase of flowers picked from the garden. There are side tables arranged alongside armchairs similar to the one that can be seen in the foreground. As there is no record of Francisca travelling to Europe with her children, it is most likely that the photograph of her with Cesário was taken in Africa. Interviews with Francisca Berthe Djidé Patterson, née De Medeiros, and Francis d’Almeida on September 25 and February 12, 1995, and February 19, 1996, in Porto-Novo. Zool. This led to a rupture in international cooperation, which aimed to put pressure on the power in place to be more open to democracy. “I am an indulgent mother. There, he married a local princess,2 with whom he had a daughter, Charlotte, who later married into the Costa Soares family – another prominent Aguda family. The Togolese people will go to the polls on 4 March 2010 for their next President. Remplissez quelques informations sur votre famille : nous cherchons en temps réel votre arbre généalogique ! Seven candidates are running, including one woman, Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson, the first in the history of the country. Francisca Patterson) - s/d, Achille Berraud e Cândida (álbum de família da sra. Júlio de Medeiros was also a son of the family’s founder and a commercial representative of the German company Goeldt, through which he made contact with one Barth, a Swiss-German agent based at Lagos. [2]. Because they have very insufficient resources to conduct activities, most of the organizations are small with low technical capacity to mobilize resources. Gado, B. and Guitart, F. (1996) L'influence de Niamey sur les marches de Baleyera et Kolo (Niger), in: C. COQUERY-VIDROVITCH, H. D'ALMEIDA-TOPOR and J. SENECHaL (Eds) Interdépendances villes-campagnes en Afrique: mobilité des hommes, circulation des biens et diffusion des modeLes depuis lesindépendances , pp. A shipowner and captain, Francisco José settled in Ghana in the mid-1800s, later moving to Aneho and then Ague to work in the slave trade and palm oil business. In other words, she is represented “as a white woman.” Cesário, with his very light skin, is dressed like a rich boy from western society. Nominated member of the High Council of the Republic, she then became Minister of Welfare, Human Rights and National Solidarity in 1991, for three short months. “Today is a memorable day in the history of our country, Togo. He put this poor performance down to the color of his skin and his foreign surname.9. p. 208.,,,, Join this group to see the discussion, post and comment. Editions du Bénin, 1992 - Benin - 320 pages. Seven candidates, including one woman, are therefore part of the electorate, each trying to convince the population to choose him/her. The strict organization of this domestic space reveals how the “white man’s ways” were adopted in African society. And she has a sense of responsibility.”. Through this contact (according to Turner),7 he supplied King Behanzan with 800 rifles and over 15,000 rounds of ammunition. Officially regarded as one of the advisors of Mr. Coly, the French resident commissioner at the time, he became a kind of spokesman, representing the interests of the Africans to the colonial authorities and vice-versa.8, However, the De Medeiros, like most of the “Brazilians,” lost much of their trading advantages as the French in Porto-Novo gradually organized what soon became the colony of Dahomey. The women’s organizations face many problems, especially financial, in carrying out their work. During this electoral process, little passion and mobilization has been observed by women’s organizations with respect to the legislative elections of 2007. [1’]. At this time, trafficking slaves to Cuba and the United States was still possible,4 and Francisco José, who spoke English well, became the main supplier of palm oil and slaves to the American market,5 thanks to which he was able to settle in Ouidah and run his business in close collaboration with the De Souza family. Unlike other “Brazilians,” who had trouble keeping up with the competition and all the transformations introduced under French colonial rule, the De Medeiros were quick to learn how to conduct their affairs in this period of upheaval. With a demographic growth rate estimated as 1.7 per year, it has approximately 5,155,000 inhabitants, with an average density of 61 people per km². Several other activities are in progress, in particular: legislative reform of the Code des personnes et de la famille (the National Family Code); advocacy for the ratification and implementation of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights [5]. In addition, the rupture of international cooperation with Togo for 15 years resulted in several donors ending their financing of Togolese civil society organizations. This merchant enjoyed considerable prestige in the city and was charged by Colonel Dodds, commander of the French invading troops, to personally organize and command the forces of the king of Porto-Novo in the war against Behanzan, king of Dahomey. Since 1994 TFI missionary in 12 different countries on three continents. Watch Queue Queue This picture was reproduced in 1995 from a relatively recent enlargement of the original, touched up by the author using the techniques of the day. This is indeed the deeply felt wish of the Togolese population. She has been highly committed to protecting women’s rights, coordinating the Regional Office of the NGO WILDAF, and since 2001, has been a member of the Advisory Committee of the African Women’s Development Fund. Since then, the country has been ruled by five Presidents: Sylvanus Olympio, the father of independence and the first President of Togo, [1] from 1960 to 1963, the year of his assassination; Nicolas Grunisky, 1963 to 1967, overthrown following a military coup; Général Gnassingbé Eyadéma, 1967–2005, who died in power. Casimir d’Almeida, presidente da Irmandade Brasileira Bom Jesus do Bonfim de Porto Novo, é o ultimo à esquerda (álbum de família da Sra. (Lepidoptera) Boletim Biológico (n.s.) Francisca Patterson) - c. 1930, Sra. Sitting in Togo’s Parliament were the Union des Forces du Changement (UFC, Union of Forces for Change, with 27 seats) and the Comité d’Action pour le Renouveau (CAR, Action Committee for Renewal, with four seats), in the opposite, and the winning party, Rassemblement du Peuple Togolais (RPT, Rally of the Togolese People, with 50 out of 81 seats) [4]. [Google Scholar] Cândida and Achille’s daughter, Clotilde, married Victor Patterson, of Nigerian stock, but died without leaving any heirs. 177-191. This black-and-white enlargement, measuring 40cm x 50cm, was taken in Paris in the 1920s, yet it is in a perfect state of conservation, which is indicative of its high quality. Son décès a été confirmé par sa famille dans la soirée du mardi. How on earth we pack everything into our France travel guide is beyond me however, pack it all in we do and if you’re looking for what we rate & what we don’t as well as Responsible Travel’s best & worst high and low lights then read on to discover France like a local, cuisses de grenouilles and all. Le mouvement des Afro-Brésiliens retournant en Afrique commença dans la première moitié du … It is clear from their clothing and posture that these are sophisticated, well-off personages at home with European culture, not the African culture of their day. She became the Rapporteure générale of the Temporary Office of the National Sovereign Conference in August 1991, and gained the sympathy its President, Archbishop Philippe Fanoko Kpodzro, who was very adamant about protocol. However, despite their limited resources, the defenders and organizers of women's rights in the country have succeeded in the following worthy activities: the gradual social recognition of the law of succession of women in case of death of their spouse; obligatory schooling until the age of 15 for boys and girls: In 2006, during the Inter-Tologese Dialogue, the two women’s organizations representing civil society organizations were success in bringing together the political parties signatory to the Comprehensive Political Agreement, committing themselves in writing to “ to be open towards ensuring the fair representation of women in the electoral processes and in the socio-political life” [3]. Son fils ainé, Djibril Sagbohan, s’apprêtait, le lendemain, à sortir son deuxième album solo. Au Maroc on est plus responsable. The only women candidate in the Presidential elections of 2010: Brigitte Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson, Born on 26 December 1958 to a family of political activists, she fell in the cauldron of the political scene from a young age. Balbina d'Almeida, née le 1 er avril 1996, est un mannequin et reine de beauté franco-togolaise.Elle a été élue Miss Togo 2016 au Palais des Congrès de Lomé. Ayi Johannès Félix Laurier has 23 jobs listed on their profile. Watch Queue Queue. Like the rest of the population, women seem to be more concerned by the fear of post-electoral violence. Francisca Patterson) - s/d, Cândida de Medeiros com seu esposo Achilles Beraud e a filha Clotilde (álbum de família da sra. Efforts have been made to achieve this so that Togo would not relive the psychosis of the past right after the electoral processes. Simone de Souza. Here she earned the nickname of “the President has asked me to tell you”, an expression that she often uses. Paris: L'Harmattan. Togo's territory was eventually partitioned between the French and the British, and Lomé was located in the British zone (Marguerat 1999 : 409-432). Famille d'ALMEIDA has 671 members. It was the descendants of Cesário de Medeiros, Francisca Sikè Kpève’s youngest child, who formed the most prominent branch of the family in the twentieth century. Recherchez les patronymes de vos ancêtres et de toute votre famille parmi … 1956) (Male) 1981 (Doctorat 3ème cycle) Déterminant non-communicatif et systèmes differentiels [Skew determinant and differential systems], Université de Paris 6 (France); Advisor: Jean Vaillant. This is explained by several factors, including general indifference of the population with respect to voting and its results, and a laxity that borders on indifference. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. All rights reserved. Celebration of N.S. République Togolaise (2006), Dialogue intertogolais - Accord Politique Global (Comprehensive Political Agreement). According to Turner’s sources,3 he had a vast palm tree plantation in Ague that was run on the labor of slaves, who he allowed to use his surname. What is the situation of women’s rights in Togo just before these elections? The photographs of Leopold and Cesário and the one of Cândida with her husband and daughter were certainly taken in France, probably in the early twentieth century. “She is jovial and never gets angry", assures one of her party colleagues of CDPA. She serenely climbed her party’s ranks, where she is now National Secretary, after being responsible for women’s issues, and where she has the reputation of being poised and reflective. Glutophrissa Butl.) After Dahomey gained its independence in 1960, he was the first African to run the country’s health services. In her campaign message, she commits herself to "create the favourable conditions for young men and women of [her] country to learn how to live together again, as one and the same people, driven by national pride.”. Indeed, the setting for the photograph, which was painted by the photographer himself, was designed precisely to give the impression of bourgeois wealth and sobriety. Ent. AWID will likely return to this issue after the election in an attempt to understand it. This video is unavailable. The De Medeiros family is one of the most aristocratic of the Aguda families in Benin, since their lineage can be traced back to a Portuguese nobleman, Francisco José de Medeiros, son of the governor of Madeira island, and his wife, Francisca Sikè Kpève, the youngest daughter of the powerful Francisco Félix de Souza, holder of the titles of Chacha and Viceroy of Dahomey in Ouidah.1. The pictures of Francisca and her daughters are telling of their wealth and reflect in every detail the codes of representation observed by the Brazilian elites and French bourgeoisie at the time. Since 1992, Togo has experienced a troubled political life, marked by a painful transition to democracy and difficulty in accepting the alternance of power. Omar B. Parfois dans le mystère des océans, la nature engendre de êtres aux qualités extraordinaires, des perles rares et précieuses. Interviews with Francisca Berthe Djidé Patterson. On the right-hand wall opposite the chairs is a portrait of Cândida de Medeiros with her husband and daughter, all dressed elegantly in European attire and in the pose typical of early twentieth-century bourgeois families, as was commented earlier.

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