<(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Girls in ancient Athens were ready to marry after reaching puberty, at 12 or 13. Athens had a form of democratic government. ATHENS. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. By Patrick Lynch. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. Population & Map. SPARTA. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. Emblem of Sparta. Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Sparta. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. Sparte et Athènes au V e siècle av. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. However, the above is not the only difference. Sparta, Athens, or Both? The right to participate in public life was therefore different in both states. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. The word Sparta means simple and economical. SPARTA. Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. my teacher was so impressed. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. However, the city of Athens was by far a much more influential and powerful city-state in comparison to Sparta. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. 14 Dec 2020. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. They worshiped their gods and respected people. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Women, children and slaves were considered below men. Athens always wanted to conquer and rule as much land as possible, while Spartans always kept to themselves unless they were under attack or their army was needed. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. Athens operated a democratic system of government, while it neighbor the Sparta operated a military system of government. Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government while Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Leader of the Delian League. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Articles connexes [ modifier | modifier le code ] Sparte Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Diffen LLC, n.d. During the Persian War, Sparta and Athens worked together to defeat the Persians. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. The conflict began in 431 BC and ended with utter defeat for … Lived in harsh conditions without luxuries to make them good fighters. This was the Peloponnesian War. Shortly after the end of the Greco-Persian War, a series of skirmishes broke out between Athens and Sparta, and historians often call this the “First Peloponnesian War.” The Second Peloponnesian War was fought between the city-states of Sparta and Athens in the 5th century BC. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. Women, children and slaves were considered below men. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). PELOPONNESIAN WAR. Athens Asssemblies and Councils were chosen at random. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. A look at the differences and similarities of the laws and rulers in Ancient Athens and Sparta. Athens vs Sparta! Athens was left in ruins. hired soldiers. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. ), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others. Athens was known as a peaceful city while Sparta was referred to as a city filled … Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … What was the status of women in ancient times? The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. (History.com) Athens was also the oldest city-state in Ancient Greece. They could own no property apart from the family. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. In the space where the two circles overlap, identify similarities that the two civilizations may have shared. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. They had actually scored dozens of victories against the Spartans and Sparta was suing for … Sparta vs. Athens. Diffen.com. Sparta. by Van Bryan on February 19, 2019. Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. Men were responsible to get the crops grown and harvested, but everyone in the family helped, unless the … Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Sparta & Athens. Sparta, Athens, or Both? After the way, two leagues of alliances were formed. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. A+. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. They could also own property by themselves. Greatest military power among the city-states. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. Venn Diagram: Athens vs. Sparta I n each circle below, identify differences between Athens vs. Sparta using the bank below. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. a war between Athens and Sparta. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. The capital and largest city of Greece. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Athens Vs. Sparta Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires. Like Athens's government, Sparta had three branches, but the roles of each branch was very different: The Assembly—At the bottom of the government pyramid was the Assembly.Like in Athens, the assembly was made up of all free male citizens, but the similarities stopped there. Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Sparta Vs. Athens. They both had Assemblies and Councils. Men: Men in Ancient Athens were the only real citizens. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. By Van Bryan, Contributing Writer, Classical Wisdom . The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Athens and Sparta. Historically Athens was going to win. … This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city-states. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. The people of Athens were interested in arts, music, and intellectual pursuits. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Whether the military was mandatory in ancient times? After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war. Lasted 30 years – Sparta won! Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to live in one of the two strongest empires 2,500 years ago? This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. What is the region in which the city is located? Some of the crucial conflict in the latest Assassin’s Creed game stems not from the classic Templar versus Assassin deathmatch politics, but instead between the competing powers of Athens … After the war many Greek men became mercenaries for Persia. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. Landlocked. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”, Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Word Cloud for Difference Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between Canon and Nikon (With Table), Difference Between Majesty and Highness (With Table), Difference Between Church and Chapel (With Table), Difference Between IntelliJ and Pycharm (With Table), Difference Between Vimeo and Zoom (With Table). The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Athènes et Sparte, qui sont alors les deux Etats prédominants, commencent la Guerre du Péloponnèse.Les 39 années écoulées entre la victoire remportée par Cimon en 470 et cette guerre, avaient été la plus belle époque de l'histoire de la Grèce. which ultimately led to their decline. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. STUDY. How was the government based in ancient times? Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. They could also own property by themselves. The Delian league with Athens and the Peloponnesian League with Sparta. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. Spartathlon is a 246-kilometre (153 mi) ultramarathon race held annually in Greece since 1983, between Athens and Sparti, the modern town on the site of ancient Sparta.The spartathlon is based on the run of Pheidippides,  who ran from Athens to Sparta before the Battle of Marathon in a day and a half to seek aid against the Persians. Sparta's were from the richer groups of people and were influenced by kings. The most important imports were metals. Other cities became jealous of Athens's power (Sparta especially!) Advertisement. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. The state of Athens became a democracy in about 500 BCE. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. Athens had a general defect to the enemy when his life was threatened in Athens and he told the spartans how to defeat the Athenians. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. While the main conflict fought between Athens and Sparta is known as The Peloponnesian War, this was not the first time these two city-states fought. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Athens Versus Sparta Worksheets This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Athens Versus Sparta across 26 in-depth pages. Athens lost only due to treachery. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. Home » Law » Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … Difference Between Politics and Administration (With Table), Difference Between Law and Policy (with Table), “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). While the Spartans were more disciplined and materialistic, Athens was more democratic, and introduced the concept of voting to the Western world. Sparta did not trade with other city-states because they did not want to be influenced y any outside cultures and were discouraged to study the ideas of literature, science and philosophy fearing the new ideas could endanger the state. This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. Sparta was divided into three main social classes: 1. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.Word Cloud for Athens and Sparta. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. World Bank Democracy Economy based on trade Free men were able to hold positions … By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Navy was best in the Greek world. MERCENARIES. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Somewhere in the early 1820s, the Greece King founded the modern city of Sparta. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. Athens and Sparta had some similarities in their government. PLAY. In true Greek spirit, Sparta refused to burn the city of Athens. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event.
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