Hi there, Although it has moved with the times, and in the city square a Burger King restaurant was extremely busy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The city was founded in the 7th century B.C. Trabzon was the ancient capital of the Greek speaking Komnenos Byzantine Kingdom (1204–1461) within the Pontos—the northeast portion of Anatolia adjacent the Black Sea. It was later restored in the 6th century by General Belisarius at the request of the Emperor Justinian. As the Byzantine port nearest to Armenia, lying on a critical frontier of the empire, the city was rebuilt and figured prominently in the eastern campaigns of the emperor Justinian I (reigned 527–565). In the 17th century the Russian Don Cossacks began to plunder the coasts of Black sea. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission. Trabzon’s recorded history begins around 746 BC, when Miletus colonists came from Sinop and founded a settlement, Trapezus, with an acropolis on the trápeza (table) of land above the harbour. That is sad because the castle represented the city‘s history and past. The church is a domed basilica with superb 13th-century wall paintings that were revealed and cleaned during 1957–63. Sam Topalidis (Pontic historian) 2018. Trabzon was settled by Greeks probably by the 7 th century BC (Tsetskhladze 1994 see Note 1), but there were indigenous people already living in the area. Media in category "History of Trabzon" The following 69 files are in this category, out of 69 total. Before the city was founded as a Greek colony the area was dominated by Colchian (Caucasian) and Chaldian (Anatolian) tribes. Tafur estimated the town had about 4,000 inhabitants (Lowry 2009). In the period from 1924 to 1935, the winners of the Trabzon League qualified for the former Turkish Football Championship.In the following period from 1940 to 1951, the Trabzon … Trabzon is a town with over 230,000 people (2009 census – it is currently believed to be over 300,000) on the northeast Turkish Black Sea coast at latitude 41°00′ north and longitude 39°45′ east (Figure 1). The Trabzon Football League (Turkish: Trabzon Futbol Ligi) was founded as a regional football league for Trabzon based clubs in 1922. During antiquity it was known as Trapezus. 1) Trabzon was controlled by the Russians between April 1916 and October 1917, i.e. It is linked by air with Ankara and by steamer service with Istanbul. This castle is situated in the Northwest of Turkey and dates back to the Byzantine Era when it was built with stone. It is belived that the name Trabzon stems from the word “Trapezus”. Introduction. Omissions? The city was founded in the 7th century B.C. history of trabzon . Trapezus, one of the most easterly of ancient Greek settlements, was probably founded in 756 bce by colonists from Sinope (modern Sinop ). borsa kuruculari. Some western geographers used thi… Only remnants of the past are left over. All rights reserved. The imperial family of the Comneni established an empire along the Black Sea coast in 1204, with Alexius Comnenus I reigning as the emperor of Trebizond. It was settled by Greeks by the 7th century BC in an area occupied by indigenous people (Tsetskhladze 1994). History Trabzon’s recorded history begins around 746 BC, when Miletus colonists came from Sinop and founded a settlement, Trapezus, with an acropolis on the trápeza (table) of land above the harbour. Castle Of Trabzon. One of the dominant Caucasian groups to the east were the Laz, who were p… Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It is known that the architect was of Italian origin and many materials … You can update your settings Trabzon is the site of the Black Sea Technical University, established in 1963. 1. The Hagia Sophia church was turned into a mosque. Contact Lonely Planet. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). borsa kuruculari. Through such means the influence of Byzantine types was exerted on the contemporary coinages of Armenia and elsewhere in…, In 1461 Trebizond, capital of the last remnant of Greek empire, which had maintained its precarious independence by paying court to Turks and Mongols alike, finally succumbed; the transformation of the Byzantine world into the Ottoman world was at last complete.…. The town did reasonably well for 2000 years, occupying itself with port activities, until the Christian soldiers of the Fourth Crusade seized and sacked Constantinople in 1204, forcing its noble families to seek refuge in Anatolia. The capital city Trabzon was … by Sam Topalidis. Eating out is relatively … © The end of the dynasty came when its territories were annexed to the Ottoman Empire in 1461. The 3 parts of this fort are Upper … gallery; history of trabzon; social life; strategic location; touristic attractions; hazelnut cultivars; photo gallery. by colonists from neighboring Sinop. Like many other Black Sea sites, it is associated in legend with the Amazon women warriors. At its southern end stands a ruined citadel. The oldest graffiti carved in the apses of the church contain the dates 1291 and 1293. History. It is not necessary to visit the site/sight if you have got few days only for the exploration of Trabzon. In August 1461, the Emperor of Trebizond, David Komnenos, surrendered Trabzon … | Founded by Greek traders from Miletus in the 8th century BC, Trabzon has been handballed down the years between Cimmerians, … Formed in 1967 through a merger, Trabzonspor's history dates back to two of the clubs, the foundation year of İdmanocağı and İdmangücü. Trabzon has a rooted history of civilizations starting from the 9th century B.C. Trabzon Kalesi: Great history from the past - See 37 traveler reviews, 19 candid photos, and great deals for Trabzon, Turkey, at Tripadvisor. history of trabzon . The closest record of the population of Trabzon prior to the Ottoman conquest of Trabzon was by Pero Tafur who visited Trabzon in 1437–38. Trabzon was settled by Greeks probably by the 7 th century BC (Tsetskhladze 1994 see Note 1), but there were indigenous people already living in the area. For centuries it was on one of the leading trade routes between Europe and Central Asia, and it prospered particularly after the 13th century, when it served as the chief port for Tabriz and western Iran. Xenophon, who reached Trabzon in February, 400 B.C, states that Trabzon (Trapezus) was by the Black Sea (Pontus Eukseinos) and was a colony of Sinop set up in the land of the Kolkhs by the Hellenes. Castle of Trabzon is one of the impressive and memorable places of this city, despite of that there are only ruins preserved from the past. 2018 Trabzon itself was divided into three timariot holdings: the eastern suburbs and western suburbs and the lower walled city. … Thereafter, Trabzon remained under Turkish rule except for a brief Russian occupation (1916–18) during World War I. by clicking the Privacy policy link at the bottom of the page. Historically known as Trapezus, Trebizond and Trapezunda by Greeks, the city of Trabzon in north-eastern Turkey boasts a rich Hellenic past. Small deposits of copper, lead, and iron are worked. The heart of the city is on a triangle of tableland between two deep ravines, with remains of an ancient Roman-built harbour at its base. Historically known as Trapezus, Trebizond and Trapezunda by Greeks, the city of Trabzon in north-eastern Turkey boasts a rich Hellenic past. Modern Trabzon retains much of its medieval aspect. It is historically known in English as Trebizond. Prior to World War I, the vibrant Armenian community of Trabzon numbered 30,000. during most of the deportations. Trapezunda rose to be an important city in terms of trade during the time of the Roman Empire; its position allowing it to … Trabzon was the ancient capital of the Greek speaking Komnenos Byzantine Kingdom (1204–1461) within the Pontos—the northeast portion of Anatolia adjacent the Black Sea… It was in the 13th century that the monastery took its present-day form when it received monetary richness from the likes of Alexios III (1349-1390) of the Komnenian Empire of Trabzon (or Trebizond), an empire established in 1204. His successors, the Grand Comneni, reigned longer than any other Byzantine family, forming extensive alliances through marriage with foreign rulers and promoting their prestige through the cult of St. Eugenius and the glorification of their real or legendary achievements. When the Ottoman Empire was defeated after WWI, Trabzon’s many Greek residents sought to establish a Republic of Trebizond echoing the old Comneni Empire, but the Turks were ultimately victorious, and Atatürk himself declared Trabzon ‘one of the richest, strongest and most sensitive sources of trust for the Turkish Republic’. 2) The Russian Navy dominated the Black Sea and literally "blockaded" the Turkish ports … (τράπεζα meant "table" in Ancient Greek; note the table on the coin in the figure.) Due to the castle built by former inhabitants which resembled a table and the stones shaped like a table found by miners for the purpose of establishing colonies there. Tags: Castle, Historical Site, Fort. Even so, the Empire of Trebizond survived until the coming of the Ottomans in 1461, holding out for eight years longer than Constantinople. Easy for visit and walking, located in the city. History Trabzon’s recorded history begins around 746 BC, when Miletus colonists came from Sinop and founded a settlement, Trapezus, with an acropolis on the trápeza (table) of land above the harbour. Later Greek authors mentioned the Macrones and the Chalybes as native peoples. The large variety of crops grown include tobacco, fruits, and hazelnuts. During antiquity it was known as Trapezus. Introduction. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. It was founded by Greeks in the 8th century BC and existed as a colony of Sinope… Trabzon province is well forested and densely populated. In 1930, Trabzon’s share of the Persian transit trade had fallen to less than 4% compared to 53% before World War I (Aydemir and Aydemir 2007). The Hagia Sophia church was turned into a mosque. History Of Trabzon. Like many other Black Sea sites, it is associated in legend with the Amazon women warriors. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Trabzon-Turkey. Trabzon Castle lies in ruins. The Turkish name of the city is Trabzon. This article tells the story from the foundation of the first clubs in the port city of Trabzon. In 1582 the Trabzon - Batum state, whose capital was Trabzon, was established. Trabzon History. Trabzonspor is one of the "4 big clubs"in Turkish football. In 1915, during the Armenian Genocide, they were massacred and deported. In Ottoman Turkish and Persian, it is written as طربزون. One of the finest Ottoman monuments is the mosque and mausoleum of Gülbahar, wife of Sultan Bayezid II (reigned 1481–1512). Lonely Planet. After Mehmed II … Prospering through trade with eastern Anatolia and Persia, the empire reached the height of its wealth and culture during the reign of Alexius II (1297–1330), after which it fell to pieces in factional disputes. In the 9th century the city was made the capital of a new military province of Chaldia. In 1582 the Trabzon - Batum state, whose capital was Trabzon, was established. The Trapezuntine rulers became skilful at balancing their alliances with the Seljuks, the Mongols, the Genoese and others. History. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It had turned back many invading armies through the years, except for the Goths, who captured and burned the city in the 3rd century A.D. Trabzon remained independent and free during the … One of the most significant civilizations traced through the written sources is the Byzantine Greek Empire of Trebizund, which … The Hayasa, who had been in conflict with the Central-Anatolian Hittites in the 14th century BCE, are believed to have lived in the area south of Trabzon. About Trabzon; Accommodation Facilities; Getting Here and Around; Traditional Life and Handicraſts; Nature and Climate; The History of Trabzon; Trabzon’s Cuisine; FAQ; DESTINATIONS + SEASONS. Among the churches the best preserved and most remarkable is the church Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia), now used as a museum, which overlooks the sea just west of the city centre. Today the city is named Trabzon as is the province it is located in. Once an important stop on the Silk Road, it remains the Black Sea's busiest port. It is the second largest Turkish urban centre (after Samsun) on the Black Sea. Trabzon in more recent times. about trabzon Trabzon was founded in 2000 BC. Trabzon is a town with over 300,000 people in northeast Turkey on the Black Sea coast (Figure 1). The mansion was built in the beginning of the 1900s as a private residence for Kostaki Teophylaktos, a notable banker of Greek origin. we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. Hagia Sophia of Trabzon is considered one of the best-preserved buildings created in the Late-Byzantine style of architecture, and it also embodies the same tense history of religious conversion as its … I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. The capital city Trabzon was founded, as Trapezus, by Greek colonists from Sinope, modern Sinop, Turkey.Starting from the 9th century BC, the city had also been mentioned by historians such as Homeros, Herodotus, Hesiodos. Trabzon, also called Trebizond, historically Trapezus, city, capital of Trabzon il (province), northeastern Turkey. During the classical period the city at least had temples for Hermes (the god … The see of Trapezus was supposedly founded by St. Andrew the Apostle; Eugenius, its patron saint, was martyred under the Roman emperor Diocletian (reigned 284–305). It lies on a wide bay on the southeastern shore of the Black Sea backed by high ranges of the Pontic Mountains, which separate it from the central Anatolian Plateau. 2015. A lot of history … Founded by Greek traders from Miletus in the 8th century BC, Trabzon has been handballed down the years between Cimmerians, Medes, Hellenes, Byzantines and a succession of other peoples. by colonists from neighboring Sinop. The empire of Trebizond, however, continued a separate existence until 1461; its small silver pieces, called “Comnenian white money,” were prized for their purity and enjoyed a wide currency. Pop. The word “Trapeza” synonymous with “table” was then converted to Trabzon … Its prosperity lay partly in export of its own products—silver, iron, alum, cloth, and black wine—and partly from taxes on transit trade to western Iran. The Walls of Trabzon (or the "Walls of Trebizond") are a series of defensive walls surrounding the old town of the city of Trabzon, northeastern Turkey.The fortifications are sometimes called the Trabzon Castle (Turkish: Trabzon … In the 18 th century, the family which held the eastern suburbs was particularly oppressive (Bryer 1969). Omer Pasha, the governor of Trabzon then, organized a … Media in category "History of Trabzon" The following 69 files are in this category, out of 69 total. During Ottoman times, Tara Bozan was also used. Trabzon Museum: Trabzon history - See 108 traveler reviews, 238 candid photos, and great deals for Trabzon, Turkey, at Tripadvisor. It is possible that the settlement origins of Trabzon go back to these tribes. After the sack of Constantinople (now Istanbul) by the Crusaders in 1204, two grandsons of the emperor Andronicus I Comnenus escaped and founded an independent offshoot of the Byzantine Empire at Trapezus, with Prince Alexius Comnenus as emperor. Trabzon, historically and socio-culturally the most important centre of Eastern Black Sea Region, has a history of approximately 5000 years. In the 17th century the Russian Don Cossacks began to plunder the coasts of Black sea. The city prospered under Roman rule until it was sacked by the Goths after their victory over the emperor Valerian’s forces about 257 ce. The city centre is enclosed on the east and west by walls that date from Byzantine times. Updates? (2000) city, 214,949; province, 975,137; (2013 est.) Trabzon is a coastal city so the cuisine is mainly based on fish dishes. The city’s later revitalization has largely resulted from improvement in its port facilities and communications. Somewhat louche, it's the most sophisticated city in the region, too caught up in its own whirl of activity to worry about what's … Its founders are not known; however, it is said that they were the Turkish Tribes came from Middle Asia over Caucasus. Its significance declined, however, with the construction of the Ankara-Erzurum railway about 1900 and the development of the southern Iranian port of Khorramshahr. Trabzon became their capital and the princes titled themselves as … Trabzon … city, 243,735; province, 757,898. Explore Trabzon holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. Hagia Sophia was built in Trebizond during the reign of Manuel I between 1238 and 1263. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia), Trabzon, Turkey. Remarkably attractive throughout its history, Trabzon was the subject of hundreds of travel books by western travellers, some of whom had named it "city of tale in the East." gallery; history of trabzon; social life; strategic location; touristic attractions; hazelnut cultivars; photo gallery. Trabzon is said to be the site on which the army called the Ten Thousand by the writer Xenophon, who was one of its members, reached the sea after its long march that followed defeat in 401 bce. In Latin, Trabzon was called Trapezus, which is the latinization of the Ancient Greek Τραπεζοῦς (Trapezous), the first name of the city. Historical monuments include most of the city walls, a part of the palace of the Grand Comneni, and several Byzantine churches preserved as mosques. … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Trapezus, one of the most easterly of ancient Greek settlements, was probably founded in 756 bce by colonists from Sinope (modern Sinop). Remarkably attractive throughout its history, Trabzon was the subject of hundreds of travel books by western travellers, some of whom had named it "city of tale in the East." In the 13th century, Trabzon and the surrounding areas started to fall under control of a new formation called the Komnenos Dynasty, which developed as a separate state of the Byzantium Empire. Area province, 1,907 square miles (4,938 square km). After the Russian capture of Trabzon, some … Trabzon has dozens of churches and mosques dating from the Byzantine period, the Empire of Trebizond and the Ottoman Empire. Trabzon become o Greek colony of some note during the 6th century B.C. Omer Pasha, the governor of Trabzon then, organized a fleet and stopped these attacks. It was founded by Greeks in the 8th century BC and existed as a colony of Sinope. Trabzon is the terminus of the most practicable route over the mountains from Erzurum. By 1936, this reduced … Both in Pontic Greek and Modern Greek, it is called Τραπεζούντα (Trapezounta). History Of Trabzon. Trabzon become o Greek colony of some note during the … Although subject to brief periods of domination by the neighbouring Seljuq Turks, Mongols, and Byzantines, the empire based at Trapezus was largely bypassed by both the Seljuqs and the Mongols because of its relative isolation, difficulties of access, and conflict among its enemies. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Trabzon Hagia Sophia Museum: History in Trabzon - See 579 traveler reviews, 846 candid photos, and great deals for Trabzon, Turkey, at Tripadvisor. It is believed that the founders of the city came to Trabzon from Middle Asia by passing over the Caucasus. The commercial quarter is centred around a bazaar and park in the eastern part of the city near the old Genoese castle of Leontocastron; east of this lies the harbour. The Citadel was held by the Ottoman Pasha and a Janissary garrison. 13.

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